Heribert Hirt

Lead Researcher

Heribert Hirt has published several hundred articles on how plants can survive under abiotic or biotic stress conditions. His current research focuses on how beneficial microbes can help to grow plants under climate change and increasing chemical challenges. His work aims to transform agriculture to produce healthy food for everyone.

1987              Dr. rer. Nat. (Univ. of Vienna)

1984 – 1987   PhD thesis, Inst. of Biochemistry, Vienna, Austria

1983              Mag. rer. nat. (Univ. of Vienna)

1981 – 1983   M.Sc. thesis, Inst. of Biochemistry, Vienna, Austria

1979 – 1981   Study of Biochemistry, Univ. of Vienna, Austria.

1978              B.Sc. (Distinction)

1976 – 1978   Study of Biochemistry, Univ. of Cape Town, Rep. South Africa

1967 – 1975   Johannes Kepler Gymnasium Reutlingen, Germany

2014-2016   Director, Center for Desert Agriculture, KAUST, Saudi Arabia

2008-2013   Director, URGV Plant Genomics, Evry, France

2006-2007   Head of Dept. of Plant Mol. Biology, Univ. Vienna, Austria

2002-2004   Vice-Director, Gregor Mendel Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences

2001-2003   Dean of graduate studies, Vienna Biocenter, Austria

1991            Professor of Genetics, Univ. Vienna, Austria

1989-2009   Group leader, Univ. Vienna, Austria

1988-1989   Post-doc, Univ. of Oxford, UK

1987-1988   Post-doc, Med. Univ. Vienna, Austria

2014  ISI Highly Cited Researcher

2014  3000 most influential scientists in the world

2011  King Saud Distinguished Fellow

2010  1000 most important researchers in France

2010  ISI Highly Cited Researcher

2008  Elected EMBO Member

2006  Elected Member of Pauli Institute

2001  Wittgenstein Price

1993  Biochemical Society Price

1988  EMBO Fellowship

2010 – 2013  President of the European Plant Science Organisation.

2005 – 2007  President of the Austrian Society of Genetics and Genetic Engineering ÖGGGT.

2005 – 2012  Scientific Advisory Board Member of Göttingen Center of Molecular Biosciences.

2002 – 2005  Executive board member of the Austrian Society of Genetics

2002 – 2006  Committee member of MASC

  1. Wiche, E. Briones, H. Hirt, R. Krepler, U. Artlieb and H. Denk (1983). Differential distribution of microtubule-associated proteins MAP- 1 and MAP-2 in neurons of rat brain and association of MAP-1 with microtubules of neuroblastoma cells (N2A). EMBO J. 2, 11, 915-919.
  2. Hirt, J. Kimelman, M. Birnbaum, E. Chen, P. Seeburg, N. Eberhardt and A. Barta (1987). The human growth hormone gene locus: structure, evolution and allelic variants. DNA, 6, 59-65.
  3. Hirt, Casari and A. Barta (1989). Cadmium-enhanced gene expression in suspension culture cells of tobacco. Planta 179, 414-420.
  4. Hirt, Sommergruber and A. Barta (1990). Effects of Cadmium on Tobacco: Synthesis and Regulation of  Cadmium-Binding Peptides. Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen 186, 153-163.
  5. Hirt, Kögl, T. Murbacher and E. Heberle-Bors (1990). Evolutionary conservation of transcription machinery between yeast and plants as shown by the efficient expression from the CaMV 35S promoter and 35S terminator. Curr. Genet. 17, 473-479.
  6. Hirt, Pay, J. Györgyey, L. Bako, L. Bögre, R. Schweyen, E. Heberle-Bors and D. Dudits (1991). Complementation of yeast cell cycle mutant by alfalfa cDNA encoding a protein kinase homolog of the p34cdc2. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 88, 1636-1640.
  7. Györgyey, A. Gartner, K. Nemeth, Z. Magyar, H. Hirt, E. Heberle-Bors and D. Dudits (1991). Alfalfa heat shock genes are differentially expressed during somatic embryogenesis. Plant Mol. Biol. 16, 999-1007.
  8. Pay, E. Heberle-Bors and Hirt (1991). Isolation and characterization of the plant homologue of the eukaryotic initiation factor 4D from alfalfa, Medicago sativa. Plant Mol. Biol. 17, 927-929.
  9. Hirt (1991) A novel method for in situ screening of yeast colonies with the ß-glucuronidase reporter gene. Genet. 20, 437-439.
  10. Hirt, Gartner and E. Heberle-Bors (1992). An alfalfa cDNA encodes a protein with similarity to mammalian snRNP-E proteins. Nucl. Acids Res. 20, 613.
  11. Pay, E. Heberle-Bors and Hirt (1992) An alfalfa cDNA encodes a protein with similarity to human translationally controlled tumor protein. Plant Mol. Biol. 19, 501-503.
  12. Rüth, Hirt and R. Schweyen (1992). The 35S Cauliflower Mosaic Virus Promoter is regulated by cAMP in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol. Gen. Genet. 235, 365-372.
  13. Pay, C. Jonak, L. Bögre, I. Meskiene, E. Heberle-Bors and Hirt (1993). The MsK family of alfalfa protein kinase genes encodes homologs of shaggy/glycogen synthase kinase-3 and shows differential expression patterns in plant organs and development. Plant J. 3, 847-856.
  14. Pirck, A. Pay, L. Bögre, E. Heberle-Bors and Hirt (1993). Isolation and characterization of phosphoprotein phosphatase type 2a from alfalfa. Mol. Gen. Genet. 240, 126-131.
  15. Hirt, Mink, M. Pfosser, L. Bögre, J. Györgyey, C. Jonak, A. Gartner, D. Dudits and E. Heberle-Bors (1992). Alfalfa cyclins: differential expression during the cell cycle and in planta. Plant Cell 4, 1531-1538.
  16. Jonak, A. Pay, L. Bögre, Hirt and E. Heberle-Bors (1993). The plant homologue of MAP kinase is expressed in a cell cycle-dependent and organ-specific manner. Plant J. 3, 611-617.
  17. Hirt, A. Pay, L. Bögre, I. Meskiene and E. Heberle-Bors (1993). cdc2MsB, a cognate cdc2 gene from alfalfa, complements the G1/S but not the G2/M transition of budding yeast cdc28 Plant J. 4, 61-69.
  18. Pirck, Hirt, and E. Heberle-Bors (1994). The cDNA sequence encoding an annexin from Medicago sativa. Plant Phys. 104, 1463-1464.
  19. Rüth, R.J. Schweyen, and Hirt (1994). The plant transcription factor TGA1 stimulates expression of the CaMV 35S promoter in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Plant Mol. Biol. 25, 323-328.
  20. Jonak, E. Heberle-Bors, and Hirt (1994). MAP kinases: universal multi-purpose signaling tools. Plant Mol. Biol. 24, 407-416.
  21. Hirt, and E. Heberle-Bors (1994). Cell cycle regulation in higher plants. Dev. Biol. 5, 147-154.
  22. Pay, M. Pirck, L. Bögre, Hirt, and E. Heberle-Bors (1994). Isolation and characterization of phophoprotein phosphatase 1 from alfalfa. Mol. Gen. Genet. 244, 176-182.
  23. Yang, C. de Blank, I. Meskiene, H. Hirt, J. Bakker, A. van Kammen, H. Franssen, and T. Bisseling (1994). Rhizobium Nod factors reactivate the cell cycle during infection and nodule formation, but the cycle is only completed in primordium formation. Plant Cell 6, 1415-1426.
  24. Jonak, E. Heberle-Bors, and Hirt (1995). A cDNA from Medicago sativa encodes a protein homologous to small GTP-binding proteins. Plant Phys. 107, 263-264.
  25. Jonak, E. Heberle-Bors, and Hirt (1995). Inflorescence-specific expression of AtK-1, a novel Arabidopsis thaliana homologue of shaggy/glycogen synthase kinase-3. Plant Mol. Biol. 27, 217-221.
  26. Magdolen, H. Klier, T. Wöhl, F. Klink, H. Hirt, J. Hauber, and F. Lottspeich. (1995). The function of the hypusine-containing proteins of yeast and other eukaryotes is well conserved. Gen. Genet. 244, 646-652.
  27. Jonak, S. Kiegerl, C. Lloyd, J. Chan, and Hirt (1995). MMK2, a novel alfalfa MAP kinase, specifically complements the yeast MPK1 function. Mol. Gen. Genet. 248, 686-694.
  28. Meskiene, L. Bögre, M. Dahl, M. Pirck, D.T.C. Ha, I. Swoboda, E. Heberle-Bors, G. Ammerer, and Hirt (1995). cycMs3, a novel B-type alfalfa cyclin gene, is induced in the G0-to-G1 transition of the cell cycle. Plant Cell 7, 759-771.
  29. Haring, M. Siderius, C. Jonak, H. Hirt, K. Walton, and A. Musgrave (1995). Tyrosine phosphatase signalling in a lower plant: cell cycle and oxidative stress-regulated expression of the Chlamydomonas eugametos VH-PTP13 Plant J. 7, 981-988.
  30. Dahl, I. Meskiene, L. Bögre, D.T.C. Ha, I. Swoboda, R. Hubmann, Hirt, and E. Heberle-Bors (1995). The D-type alfalfa cyclin gene cycMs4 complements G1 cyclin deficient yeast and is induced in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Plant Cell, 1847-1859.
  31. Bögre, C. Jonak, M. Mink, I. Meskiene, J. Traas, D.T.C. Ha, I. Swoboda, C. Plank, E. Wagner, E. Heberle-Bors, and Hirt (1996). Developmental and cell cycle regulation of alfalfa nucMs1, a plant homolog of the yeast Nsr1 and mammalian nucleolin. Plant Cell 8, 417-428.
  32. Jonak, S. Kiegerl, W. Ligterink, P. J. Barker, N.S. Huskisson, and Hirt (1996). Stress signalling in plants: A MAP kinase pathway is activated by cold and drought. Proc. natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 11274-11279.
  33. Renaudin, J.H. Doonan, D. Freeman, J. Hashimoto, H. Hirt, D. Inze, T. Jacobs, H. Kouchi, P. Rouze, M. Sauter, A. Savoure, D.A. Sorrell, V. Sundaresan, And J.A.H. Murray (1996). A unified nomenclature for plant A-, B-, and D-type cyclins based on sequence organisation. Plant Mol. Biol. 32, 1003-1018.
  34. Bögre, W. Ligterink, E. Heberle-Bors, and Hirt (1996) Mechanosensors in plants. Nature 383, 489-490.
  35. Hirt (1996). In and out of the plant cell cycle. Plant Mol. Biol. 31, 459-464.
  36. Hirt (1997) Multiple roles of MAP kinases in plant signal transduction. Trends Plant Sci. 2, 11-15
  37. Bögre, W. Ligterink, I. Meskiene, P. J. Barker, E. Heberle-Bors, N.S. Huskisson, and Hirt (1997) Wounding induces the rapid and transient activation of a specific MAP kinase pathway. Plant Cell 9, 75-83.
  38. Bögre, K. Zwerger, I. Meskiene, P. Binarova, V. Csizmadia, C. Planck, E. Wagner, H. Hirt, and E. Heberle-Bors (1997) The cdc2Ms kinase is differently regulated in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus. Plant Physiol. 113, 841-852.
  39. Ligterink, T. Kroj, U. zur Nieden, . Hirt, and D. Scheel (1997) Receptor-mediated activation of a MAP kinase in pathogen defense of plants. Science 276, 2054-2057.
  40. Meskiene, L. Bögre, W. Glaser, J. Balog, M. Brandstötter, K. Zwerger, G. Ammerer, and Hirt (1998) MP2C, a protein phosphatase 2C, is a negative regulator of the stress-activated MAP kinase pathway in plants. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 1938-1943.
  41. Wilson, M. Pfosser, C. Jonak, H. Hirt, E. Heberle-Bors, and O. Vicente (1998) Evidence for the activation of a MAP kinase upon phosphate-induced cell cycle re-entry in tobacco cells. Plant. 102, 532-538
  42. Meskiene, W. Ligterink, L. Bögre, C. Jonak, S. Kiegerl, J. Balog, S. Eklöf, G. Ammerer, and Hirt (1998) The SAM kinase pathway: An integrated circuit for stress signaling in plants. J. Plant Res. 111, 339-344.
  43. Jonak, C., Ligterink, W., and Hirt (1999) MAP kinases as transducers in plant signalling. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 55, 204-213.
  44. Hirt, H. (1999) Transcriptional upregulation of signaling pathways: more complex than anticipated? Trends Plant Sci. 4, 7-8
  45. Cardinale, F. Ligterink, W., Baudouin, E., Beyerly, J., Hausl, C., Jonak, C., Kiegerl, S., Meskiene, I., Siligan, C., Zwerger, K., and Hirt, H. (1999) MAP kinase activation in plant defense. Biologia 54, 56-57.
  46. Bögre, L., Calderini, O., Binarova, P., Mattauch, M., Till, S., Kiegerl, S., Jonak, C., Pollaschek, C., Barker, P., Huskisson, N.V., Hirt, H., and Heberle-Bors, E. (1999) A MAP kinase is activated late in plant mitosis and becomes localized to the plane of cell division. Plant Cell 11, 101-113.
  47. Romeis, T., Piedras, P., Zhang, S., Klessig, D., Hirt, H., Jones, J.D.G. (1999) Rapid Avr-9 and Cf-9-dependent activation of MAP kinases in tobacco cell cultures and leaves: convergence of resistance gene, elicitor, wound, and salicylate responses. Plant Cell 11, 273-287.
  48. Munnik, T., Ligterink, W., Meskiene, I., Calderini, O., Musgrave, A., and Hirt, H. (1999) Distinct osmosensing protein kinase pathways are involved in signaling moderate and severe hyperosmotic stress. Plant J. 20, 381-388.
  49. Baudouin, E., Meskiene, I., and Hirt, H. (1999) Unsaturated fatty acids inhibit MP2C, a protein phosphatase 2C involved in the wound-induced MAP kinase pathway regulation. Plant J. 20, 1-6.
  50. Fujikura Y., Dolezel, J., Cihalikova, J., Bögre, L., Heberle-Bors, E. Hirt, H., and Binarova, P. (1999) Vicia faba germination: Synchronized cell growth and localisation of nucleolin and a-tubulin. Seed Sci. Res. 9, 297-304.
  51. Munnik, T., Meijer, H.J.G., ter Riet, B., Hirt, H., Frank, W., Bartels, D., and Musgrave, A. (2000) Hyperosmotic stress stimulates phospholipase D activity and elevates the levels of phosphatidic acid and diacylglycerol pyrophosphate. Plant J. 22, 147-154.
  52. Nühse, T.S., Peck, S.C., Hirt, H., and Boller, T. (2000) Microbial elicitors induce activation and dual phosphorylation of the Arabidopsis thaliana MAPK6. J. Biol. Chem. 275, 7521-7526.
  53. Hirt, H. (2000) Connecting oxidative stress, auxin, and cell cycle regulation through a plant mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 2405-2407.
  54. Jonak, C., Beisteiner, D., Beyerly, J., and Hirt, H. (2000) Wound-induced expression and activation of WIG, a novel glycogen synthase kinase 3. Plant Cell 12, 1467-1475.
  55. Baluska, F., Ovecka, M., and Hirt, H. (2000) Salt stress induces changes in amounts and localisation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase SIMK in alfalfa roots. Protoplasma 212, 262-267.
  56. Fellbrich, G., Blume, B., Brunner, F., Hirt, H., Kroj, T., Ligterink, W., Romanski, A., and Nürnberger, T. (2000) Phytophthora parasitica elicitor-induced reactions in cells of Petroselinum crispum. Plant Cell Physiol. 41, 692-701.
  57. Kiegerl, S., Cardinale, F., Siligan, C., Gross, A., Liwosz, A., Eklöf, S., Till, S., Bögre, L., Hirt, H. and Meskiene, I. (2000) SIMKK, a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase, is a specific activator of the salt stress-induced MAPK SIMK. Plant Cell 12, 2247-2258.
  58. Cardinale, F. Jonak, C., Ligterink, W., Niehaus, K., Boller, T., and Hirt, H. (2000) Differential activation of four specific MAPK pathways by distinct elicitors. Biol. Chem. 275, 36734-36740.
  59. Bögre, L., Meskiene, I., Heberle-Bors, E., and Hirt, H. (2000) Stressing the role of MAP kinases in mitogenic stimulation. Plant Mol. Biol. 43, 705-718.
  60. Meskiene, I. and Hirt, H. (2000) MAP kinase pathways: molecular plug-and-play chips for the cell. Plant Mol. Biol. 42, 791-806.
  61. Ligterink, W., and Hirt, H. (2001) MAP kinase pathways in plants: versatile signaling tools. Rev. Cyt. 201, 209-275.
  62. Zwerger, K., and Hirt, H. (2001) Recent advances in plant MAP kinase signalling. Chem. 382, 1123-1131.
  63. Wrzaczek, M., and H. (2001) Plant MAP kinase pathways: how many and what for? Biol. Cell 93, 81-87.
  64. Lee, S., Hirt, H., and Lee, Y. (2001) Phosphatidic acid activates a wound-activated SIMK-like MAP kinase in Glycine max. Plant J. 26, 479-486.
  65. Cardinale, F., Meskiene, I., Ouaked, F., and Hirt, H. (2002) Convergence and divergence of stress-induced MAPK signaling pathways at the level of two distinct MAP kinase kinases. Plant Cell 14, 703-711.
  66. Samaj, J., Ovecka, M., Hlavacka, A., Ouaked, F., Meskiene, I., Salaj, J., Lichtscheidl, I., Volkmann, D., Bögre, L., Baluska, F., Hirt, H. (2002) Involvement of the mitogen-activated protein kinase SIMK in regulation of root hair tip-growth. EMBO J. 21, 3296-3306.
  67. Ichimura, K., Tena, G., Henry, Y., Zhang, S., Hirt, H., Ellis, B.E., Morris, P.C., Wilson, C., Champion, A., Innes, R.W., Sheen, J., Ecker, J., Scheel, D., Klessig, D., Machida, Y., Mundy, J., Ohashi, Y., Kreis, M., Heberle-Bors, E., Walker, J., Shinozaki, K. (2002) Mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades in plants: Nomenclature of Arabidopsis MAP kinases and MAP kinase kinases. Trends Plant Sci. 7, 301-308.
  68. Sangwan, V., Örvar, B. L., Beyerly, J., Hirt, H., Dhindsa, R.S. (2002) Opposite changes in membrane fluidity mimic cold and heat stress activation of distinct plant MAP kinase pathways. Plant J. 31, 629-638.
  69. Jonak, C. and Hirt, H. (2002) Glycogen synthase kinase 3/shaggy-like kinases in plants: an emerging family with novel functions. Trends Plant Sci.7, 457-461.
  70. Jonak, C. Ökresz, L., Bögre, L., Hirt, H. (2002) Complexity, cross talk and integration of plant MAP kinase signalling. Curr. Op. Plant Biol. 5, 415-424.
  71. Hirt, H. (2002) A new blueprint for plant pathogen resistance. Nature Biotechnol. 20, 450-451.
  72. Samaj, J., Ovecka, M., Hlavacka, A., Ouaked, F., Meskiene, I., Salaj, J., Lichtscheidl, I., Volkmann, D., Bögre, L., Baluska, F., Hirt, H. (2003) Involvement of MAP kinase SIMK and actin cytoskeleton in the regulation of root hair tip growth. Cell Biol. Int. 27, 257-259.
  73. Jonak, C. and Hirt, H. (2003) Protein phosphorylation and cellular information transfer: signalling by MAP kinase cascades. Chem. Monthly 134, 1481-1487.
  74. Ouaked, F., Rozhon, W., Lecourieux, D. Hirt, H. (2003) A MAPK pathway mediates ethylene signaling in plants. EMBO J. 22, 1282-1288.
  75. Meskiene, I., Baudouin, E., Schweighofer, A., Liwosz, A., Jonak, C., Rodriguez, P.L., Jelinek, H., and Hirt, H. (2003) Stress-induced protein phosphatase 2C is a negative regulator of a mitogen-activated protein kinase. J. Biol. Chem. 278, 18945-18952.
  76. Rentel, M.C., Lecourieux, D., Ouaked, F., Usher, S.L., Petersen, L., Okamoto, H., Knight, H., Peck, S.C., Grierson, C.S., Hirt, H. and Knight, M.R. (2004) OXI1 kinase is necessary for oxidative burst-mediated signalling in Nature 427, 858-861.
  77. Nakagami, H., Kiegerl, S. and Hirt H. (2004) OMTK1, a novel MAPKKK, channels oxidative stress signaling through direct MAPK binding. J. Biol. Chem 279, 26959-26966
  78. Teige, M., Scheikl, E., Eulgem, T., Doczi, R., Ichimura, K., Shinozaki, K., Dangl, J.L., and Hirt, H. (2004) The MKK2 pathway mediates cold and salt stress signaling in Arabdiopsis. Cell 15, 141-152.
  79. Jonak, C., Nakagami, H., and Hirt, H. (2004) Molecular response to heavy metal stress: activation of distinct mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways by copper and cadmium. Plant Phys.136, 3276-3283.
  80. Samaj, J., Baluska, F., and Hirt, H. (2004) From signal to cell polarity: mitogen-activated protein kinases as sensors and effectors of cytoskeleton dynamics. Exp. Bot. 55, 189-98.
  81. Schweighofer, A., Hirt, H. and Meskiene, I. (2004) Plant PP2C Phosphatases: Emerging Functions. Trends Plant Sci. 9, 236-245.
  82. Apel, K. and Hirt, H. (2004) Reactive Oxygen Species: Metabolism, oxidative stress and signal transduction. Rev. Plant Biol. 55, 373-399.
  83. Nakagami, H., Pitzschke, A. Hirt, H. (2005) Emerging MAP kinase pathways in plant stress signalling.
    Trends Plant Sci.7, 339-46.
  84. Andreasson E, Jenkins T, Brodersen P, Thorgrimsen S, Petersen NH, Zhu S, Qiu JL, Micheelsen P, Rocher A, Petersen M, Newman MA, Bjorn Nielsen H, Hirt H, Somssich I, Mattsson O, Mundy J. (2005) The MAP kinase substrate MKS1 is a regulator of plant defense responses. EMBO J. 14 , 2579-89.
  85. de la Fuente van Bentem, S. Roitinger, E., Anrather, D., Csaszar, E. and Hirt, H. (2006) Phosphoproteomics as a tool to unravel plant regulatory mechanisms. Plant. 126, 110-119.
  86. Veronese, P., Nakagami, H., Bluhm, B., AbuQamar, S., Chen, X., Salmeron, J., Dietrich, R.A., Hirt, H. and Mengiste T. (2006) The Membrane-Anchored BOTRYTIS INDUCED KINASE1 Has Distinct Roles in Arabidopsis Resistance to Necrotrophic and Biotrophic Pathogens. Plant Cell 18, 257-73
  87. de la Fuente van Bentem, S., Anrather, D., Roitinger, E., Djamei, A., Hufnagl, T., Barta, A., Csaszar, E., Dohnal, I., Lecourieux D. and Hirt H. (2006) Phosphoproteomics reveals extensive in vivo phosphorylation of Arabidopsis proteins involved in RNA metabolism. Acids Res. 34, 3267-78.
  88. Fernandez-Pascual M, Lucas MM, de Felipe MR, Bosca L, Hirt H, Golvano MP. (2006) Involvement of mitogen-activated protein kinases in the symbiosis Bradyrhizobium-Lupinus.J Exp Bot. 57, 2735-42.
  89. Nakagami, H., Soukupova, H., Schikora, A., Zarsky, V. and Hirt, H. (2006) A mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase mediates reactive oxygen species homeostasis in J. Biol. Chem. 28, 3267-78.
  90. Pitzschke, A., Forzani, C. and Hirt, H. (2006) Reactive oxygen signalling in plants. Antioxidant and Redox Signalling 8, 1757-64.
  91. Pitzschke, A and Hirt, H. (2006) MAPK-mediated reactive oxygen signalling in plants. Plant Phys. 141, 351-6.
  92. van Bentem, S. and Hirt, H (2007) Using phosphoproteomics to reveal signalling dynamics in plants. Trends Plant Sci. 12, 404-409
  93. Daxberger, A., Nemak, A., Mithöfer, A., Fliegmann, J., Ligterink, W., Hirt, H., Ebel, J. (2007) Activation of members of a MAPK module in ß-glucan elicitor-mediated non-host resistance of soybean. Planta 6, 1559-71.
  94. Kempa S, Rozhon W, Samaj J, Erban A, Baluska F, Becker T, Haselmayer J, Schleiff E, Kopka J, Hirt H, Jonak C. (2007) A plastid-localized glycogen synthase kinase 3 modulates stress tolerance and carbohydrate metabolism.
    Plant J. 49,1076-1090.
  95. Brader, G., Djamei, A., Teige, M., Palva, T. Hirt, H. (2007) The MAP kinase kinase MKK2 affects diseasse resistance in Arabidopsis. Plant Micr. Int. 20, 589-596.
  96. Schweighofer, A., Kazanaviciute, V., Scheikl, E., Teige, M., Doczi, R., Hirt, H., Schwanninger, M., Kant, M., Schuurink, R., Mauch, F., Buchala, A., Cardinale, F., and Meskiene I. (2007) The PP2C-Type Phosphatase AP2C1 Negatively Regulates MPK4 and MPK6 and Modulates Innate Immunity and Jasmonic Acid and Ethylene Levels in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 7, 2213-24.
  97. Kemmerling, B., Schwedt, A., Rodriguez, P., Mazzotta, S., Frank, M., Abu Qamar, S., Mengiste, T., Betsuyaku, S., Parker, J.E., Müssig, K., Thomma, B.P.H.J., Albrecht, C., de Vries, S., Hirt, H., and Nürnberger T. (2007) The BRI1-Associated Kinase 1, BAK1, Has a Brassinolide-Independent Role in Plant Cell-Death Control. Current Biol. 17, 1116–1122
  98. Dóczi, R., Brader, G., Pettkó-Szandtner, A., Rajh, I., Djamei, A., Pitzschke, A., Teige, M., and Hirt, H. (2007) The Arabidopsis MAP Kinase Kinase MKK3 is Upstream of Group C MAP Kinases and Participates in Pathogen-Signaling. Plant Cell, 19, 3266-3279.
  99. Djamei, A., Pitzschke, A., Nakagami, H., Rajh, I., and Hirt, H. (2007) Trojan horse strategy in Agrobacterium transformation by abusing MAPK defence signalling. Science, 318, 453-456.
  1. de la Fuente van Bentem, S., Mentzen, W., de la Fuente, A., and Hirt, H. (2008) Towards functional phosphoproteomics by mapping differential phosphorylation events in signalling networks. Proteomics 8:4453-4465.
  1. Hirt H (2012) Role of micro-organisms in adapting plants to environmental stress conditions. Biol Aujourdhui 206:285-90
  1. Bigeard J, Rayapuram N, Pflieger D, Hirt H. (2014) Phosphorylation-dependent regulation of plant chromatin and chromatin-associated proteins. Proteomics 14(19):2127-40.
  2. García AV, Hirt H (2014) Salmonella enterica induces and subverts the plant immune system. Microbiol. 5:141.
  3. Ovečka M, Takáč T, Komis G, Vadovič P, Bekešová S, Doskočilová A, Smékalová V, Luptovčiak I, Samajová O, Schweighofer A, Meskiene I, Jonak C, Křenek P, Lichtscheidl I, Skultéty L, Hirt H, Samaj J. (2014) Salt-induced subcellular kinase relocation and seedling susceptibility caused by overexpression of Medicago SIMKK in Arabidopsis. Exp. Bot. 65:2335-50.
  4. Rayapuram N, Bonhomme L, Bigeard J, Haddadou K, Przybylski C, Hirt H, Pflieger D. (2014) Identification of novel PAMP-triggered phosphorylation and dephosphorylation events in Arabidopsis thaliana by quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis. J Proteome Res.13:2137-51.
  • García AV, Hirt H. (2014) Salmonella enterica induces and subverts the plant immune system. Front Microbiol. 5:141.
  1. Jégu T, Latrasse D, Delarue M, Hirt H, Domenichini S, Ariel F, Crespi M, Bergounioux C, Raynaud C, Benhamed M. (2014) The BAF60 subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex directly controls the formation of a gene loop at FLOWERING LOCUS C in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 26:538-51.
  2. Garcia AV, Charrier A, Schikora A, Bigeard J, Pateyron S, de Tauzia-Moreau ML, Evrard A, Mithöfer A, Martin-Magniette ML, Virlogeux-Payant I, Hirt H (2014) Salmonella enterica flagellin is recognized via FLS2 and activates PAMP-triggered immunity in Arabidopsis thaliana. Mol Plant 7:657-74.
  3. Frei Dit Frey N, Garcia AV, Bigeard J, Zaag R, Bueso E, Garmier M, Pateyron S, de Tauzia-Moreau ML, Brunaud V, Balzergue S, Colcombet J, Aubourg S, Martin-Magniette ML, Hirt H. (2014) Functional analysis of Arabidopsis immune-related MAPKs uncovers a role for MPK3 as negative regulator of inducible defences. Genome Biol. 15(6):R87.
  4. Zourelidou M, Absmanner B, Weller B, Barbosa IC, Willige BC, Fastner A, Streit V, Port SA, Colcombet J, de la Fuente van Bentem S, Hirt H, Kuster B, Schulze WX, Hammes UZ, Schwechheimer C. (2014) Auxin efflux by PIN-FORMED proteins is activated by two different protein kinases, D6 PROTEIN KINASE and PINOID. Elife e02860.
  5. Jégu T, Domenichini S, Blein T, Ariel F, Christ A, Kim SK, Crespi M, Boutet-Mercey S, Mouille G, Bourge M, Hirt H, Bergounioux C, Raynaud C, Benhamed M. (2015) A SWI/SNF Chromatin Remodelling Protein Controls Cytokinin Production through the Regulation of Chromatin Architecture. PLoS One. 10(10):e0138276.
  • Boudsocq M, Danquah A, de Zélicourt A, Hirt H, Colcombet J. (2015) Plant MAPK cascades: Just rapid signaling modules? Plant Signal Behav. 10(9):e1062197.
  • Bigeard J, Colcombet J, Hirt H.(2015) Signaling mechanisms in pattern-triggered immunity (PTI). Mol Plant. 8(4):521-39.
  • Danquah A, de Zélicourt A, Boudsocq M, Neubauer J, Frei Dit Frey N, Leonhardt N, Pateyron S, Gwinner F, Tamby JP, Ortiz-Masia D, Marcote MJ, Hirt H, Colcombet J. (2015) Identification and characterization of an ABA-activated MAP kinase cascade in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 82(2):232-44.
  • FF Lafi, A Bokhari, I Alam, VB Bajic, H Hirt, MM Saad (2016) Draft genome sequence of the plant growth-promoting Cupriavidus gilardii strain JZ4 isolated from the desert plant Tribulus terrestris. Genome Announcements 4 (4), e00678-16.
  • Hirt H. (2016) Interview with Heribert Hirt.Trends Plant Sci. 2016 Jan;21(1):1-2
  • M Ovečka, T Takáč, P Vyplelová, G Komis, S Bekešová, I Luptovčiak, I Luptovčiak, P Vadovič, O Šamajová, H Hirt, J Šamaj (2016) Overexpression of Medicago mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase SIMKK in Arabidopsis causes salt stress-induced subcellular relocation and enhanced salt sensitivity. New Biotechnology 33, S159-S160.
  • Veluchamy A, Jégu T, Ariel F, Latrasse D, Mariappan KG, Kim SK, Crespi M, Hirt H, Bergounioux C, Raynaud C, Benhamed M. (2016) LHP1 Regulates H3K27me3 Spreading and Shapes the Three-Dimensional Conformation of the Arabidopsis Genome. PloS one 11 (7), e01589.
  • H Hirt (2016) Aquaporins Link ROS Signaling to Plant Immunity.Plant Physiology 171 (3), 1540-154036.
  1. de Zelicourt A, Colcombet J, Hirt H. (2016) The Role of MAPK Modules and ABA during Abiotic Stress Signaling. Trends in plant science Aug;21(8):677-85.
  1. Eida AA, Ziegler M, Lafi FF, Michell CT, Voolstra CR, Hirt H, Saad MM (2018) Desert plant bacteria reveal host influence and beneficial plant growth properties.PLoS One 13(12):e0208223
  2. Saad MM, de Zelicourt A, Rolli E, Synek L, Hirt H (2018). Quantification of Root Colonizing Bacteria. Bio-protocol Bio101: e2927.
  3. Völz R, Kim SK, Mi J, Mariappan KG, Guo X, Bigeard J, Alejandro S, Pflieger D, Rayapuram N, Al-Babili S, Hirt H. (2018) The Trihelix transcription factor GT2-like 1 (GTL1) promotes salicylic acid metabolism, and regulates bacterial-triggered immunity. PLoS Genet. 14 (10):e1007708.
  4. AA Eida, HS Alzubaidy, A de Zélicourt, L Synek, Hirt H and Saad, MM. (2019) Phylogenetically diverse endophytic bacteria from desert plants induce transcriptional changes of tissue-specific ion transporters and salinity stress in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Science, 280:228-240.
  5. Völz R, Kim SK, Mi J, Rawat AA, Veluchamy A, Mariappan KG, Rayapuram N, Daviere JM, Achard P, Blilou I, Al-Babili S, Benhamed M, Hirt H. (2019) INDETERMINATE-DOMAIN 4 (IDD4) coordinates immune responses with plant-growth in Arabidopsis thaliana. PLoS Pathog. 15(1):e1007499.
  6. Beaugelin I, Chevalier A, D’Alessandro S, Ksas B, Novák O, Strnad M, Forzani C, Hirt H, Havaux M, Monnet F. (2019) OXI1 and DAD regulate light-induced cell death antagonistically through jasmonate and salicylate levels. Plant Physiol. 180(3):1691-1708.
  7. Völz R, Kim SK, Mi J, Mariappan KG, Siodmak A, Al-Babili S, Hirt H. (2019) A chimeric IDD4 repressor constitutively induces immunity in Arabidopsis via the modulation of salicylic- and jasmonic acid homeostasis. Plant Cell Physiol. 60(7):1536-1555.
  8. Völz R, Rayapuram N, Hirt H. (2019) Phosphorylation regulates the activity of INDETERMINATE-DOMAIN (IDD/BIRD) proteins in response to diverse environmental conditions. Plant Signal Behav. 14(10):e1642037.
  9. Ramirez-Prado JS, Latrasse D, Rodriguez-Granados NY, Huang Y, Manza-Mianza D, Brik-Chaouche R, Jaouannet M, Citerne S, Bendahmane A, Hirt H, Raynaud C, Benhamed M. (2019) The Polycomb protein LHP1 regulates Arabidopsis thaliana stress responses through the repression of the MYC2-dependent branch of immunity. Plant J. 100(6):1118-1131.
  10. Jiang Y, Han B, Zhang H, Mariappan KG, Bigeard J, Colcombet J, Hirt H. (2019) MAP4K4 associates with BIK1 to regulate plant innate immunity. EMBO Rep. 20(11):e47965.
  11. Othoum G, Bougouffa S, Bokhari A, Lafi FF, Gojobori T, Hirt H, Mijakovic I, Bajic VB, Essack M. (2019) Mining biosynthetic gene clusters in Virgibacillus genomes. BMC Genomics. 20(1):696.
  12. Bokhari A, Essack M, Lafi FF, Andres-Barrao C, Jalal R, Alamoudi S, Razali R, Alzubaidy H, Shah KH, Siddique S, Bajic VB, Hirt H, Saad MM. (2019) Bioprospecting desert plant Bacillus endophytic strains for their potential to enhance plant stress tolerance. Sci Rep. 9(1):18154.
  13. Abdelaziz, ME, Abdeldsattar, M, Abdeldaym, EA, Atia, MAM, Mahmoud, AWM, Saad, MM, Hirt, H (2019) Piriformospora indica alters Na+/K+ homeostasis, antioxidant enzymes and LeNHX1 expression of greenhouse tomato grown under salt stress. Scientiae Horticulture 256:108532.1-8.
  14. Han B, Jiang Y, Cui G, Mi J, Roelfsema R, Mouille G, Sechet J, Al-Babili S, Aranda M, Hirt H. (2020) CATION-CHLORIDE CO-TRANSPORTER 1 (CCC1) mediates plant resistance against Pseudomonas syringae. Plant Physiol. 182(2):1052-1065.
  15. Othoum G, Prigent S, Derouiche A, Shi L, Bokhari A, Alamoudi S, Bougouffa S, Gao X, Hoehndorf R, Arold ST, Gojobori T, Hirt H, Lafi FF, Nielsen J, Bajic VB, Mijakovic I, Essack M. (2019) Comparative genomics study reveals Red Sea Bacillus with characteristics associated with potential microbial cell factories (MCFs). Sci Rep. 9(1):19254.
  16. Jarad, M, Almeida-Trapp, M, Mette, MF, Mithöfer, A, Rayapuram, N, Hirt, H (2020) The lamin-like LITTLE NUCLEI 1 (LINC1) regulates pattern-triggered immunity and jasmonic acid signaling. Frontiers Plant Sci. 10: 1639.
  17. Eida AA, Bougouffa S, Alam I, Hirt H, Saad MM. (2020) Complete Genome Sequence of Paenibacillus sp. JZ16, a Plant Growth Promoting Root Endophytic Bacterium of the Desert Halophyte Zygophyllum Simplex. Curr Microbiol. 77(6):1097-1103.
  • Saad, MM, Eida, AA, Hirt, H. (2020) Tailoring Plant-Associated Microbial Inoculants in Agriculture – A Roadmap for Successful Application. J Exp Bot. 71(13):3878-3901.
  1. Eida, AA, Bougouffa S, L’Haridon F, Alam I, Weisskopf, L, Bajic, VB, Saad, MM, Hirt H (2020) Genome Insights of the Plant-Growth Promoting Bacterium Cronobacter muytjensii JZ38 With Volatile-Mediated Antagonistic Activity Against Phytophthora infestans. Frontiers 11:369.
  2. Sabirova A, Pisig F Jr, Rayapuram N, Hirt H, Nunes SP. (2020) Nanofabrication of Isoporous Membranes for Cell Fractionation. Sci Rep. 10(1):6138.
  3. Sözen C, Schenk ST, Boudsocq M, Chardin C, Almeida-Trapp M, Krapp A, Hirt H, Mithöfer A, Colcombet J. (2020) Wounding and Insect Feeding Trigger two Independent MAPK Pathways with Distinct Regulation and Kinetics. Plant Cell 32(6):1988-2003.
  • Eida AA, Bougouffa S, Alam I, Saad MM, Hirt H. (2020) Complete genome sequence of the endophytic bacterium Cellulosimicrobium sp. JZ28 isolated from the root endosphere of the perennial desert tussock grass Panicum turgidum. Arch Microbiol. 202(6):1563-1569.
  1. Hirt H (2020) Healthy soils for healthy plants for healthy humans: How beneficial microbes in the soil, food and gut are interconnected and how agriculture can contribute to human health. EMBO Rep. 21(8):e51069.
  2. Alsharif W, Saad MM, Hirt H. (2020) Desert Microbes for Boosting Sustainable Agriculture in Extreme Environments. Front Microbiol. 11:1666.
  • Concia L, Veluchamy A, Ramirez-Prado JS, Martin-Ramirez A, Huang Y, Perez M, Domenichini S, Rodriguez Granados NY, Kim S, Blein T, Duncan S, Pichot C, Manza-Mianza D, Juery C, Paux E, Moore G, Hirt H, Bergounioux C, Crespi M, Mahfouz MM, Bendahmane A, Liu C, Hall A, Raynaud C, Latrasse D, Benhamed M. (2020) Wheat chromatin architecture is organized in genome territories and transcription factories. Genome Biol. 21(1):104.
  • Kim S, Piquerez SJM, Ramirez-Prado JS, Mastorakis E, Veluchamy A, Latrasse D, Manza-Mianza D, Brik-Chaouche R, Huang Y, Rodriguez-Granados NY, Concia L, Blein T, Citerne S, Bendahmane A, Bergounioux C, Crespi M, Mahfouz MM, Raynaud C, Hirt H, Ntoukakis V, Benhamed M. (2020) GCN5 modulates salicylic acid homeostasis by regulating H3K14ac levels at the 5′ and 3′ ends of its target genes. Nucleic Acids Res. 48(11):5953-5966.
  • Bazin J, Mariappan K, Jiang Y, Blein T, Voelz R, Crespi M, Hirt H. (2020) Role of MPK4 in pathogen-associated molecular pattern-triggered alternative splicing in Arabidopsis. PLoS Pathog. 16(4):e1008401.
  • Shekhawat K, Saad MM, Sheikh A, Mariappan K, Al-Mahmoudi H, Abdulhakim F, Eida AA, Jalal R, Masmoudi K, Hirt H. (2021) Root endophyte induced plant thermotolerance by constitutive chromatin modification at heat stress memory gene loci.EMBO Rep. 2021 Jan 10:e51049.
  • Rayapuram N, Jarad M, Alhoraibi HM, Bigeard J, Abulfaraj AA, Völz R, Mariappan KG, Almeida-Trapp M, Schlöffel M, Lastrucci E, Bonhomme L, Gust AA, Mithöfer A, Arold ST, Pflieger D, Hirt H. (2021) Chromatin phosphoproteomics unravels a function for AT-hook motif nuclear localized protein AHL13 in PAMP-triggered immunity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 118(3):e2004670118.
  • AA Eida, S Bougouffa, I Alam, H Hirt, MM Saad (2021) Complete Genome Sequence of Cellulomonas sp. JZ18, a Root Endophytic Bacterium Isolated from the Perennial Desert Tussock-Grass Panicum turgidum. Current Microbiology 78 (4), 1135-1141.
  • L Synek, A Rawat, F L’Haridon, L Weisskopf, MM Saad, H Hirt (2021) Multiple strategies of plant colonization by beneficial endophytic Enterobacter SA187. Environmental Microbiology 23 (10), 6223-6240.
  • AA Abulfaraj, H Hirt, N Rayapuram (2021) G3BPs in Plant Stress. Front Plant Sci.12:680710.
  • A Siodmak, H Hirt (2021) Stomatal regulation: Role of H2S-induced persulfidation in ABA signaling. Molecular Plant 14 (6), 858-860
  • Andrés-Barrao C, Alzubaidy H, Jalal R, Mariappan KG, de Zélicourt A, Bokhari A, Artyukh O, Alwutayd K, Rawat A, Shekhawat K, Almeida-Trapp M, Saad MM, Hirt H. (2021) Coordinated bacterial and plant sulfur metabolism in Enterobacter SA187-induced plant salt stress tolerance. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 118(46):e2107417118.
  • Huang Y, Sicar S, Ramirez-Prado JS, Manza-Mianza D, Antunez-Sanchez J, Brik-Chaouche R, Rodriguez-Granados NY, An J, Bergounioux C, Mahfouz MM, Hirt H, Crespi M, Concia L, Barneche F, Amiard S, Probst AV, Gutierrez-Marcos J, Ariel F, Raynaud C, Latrasse D, Benhamed M. (2021) Polycomb-dependent differential chromatin compartmentalization determines gene coregulation in Arabidopsis. Genome Res. 31(7):1230–44.
  • Jacob P, Brisou G, Dalmais M, Thévenin J, van der Wal F, Latrasse D, Suresh Devani R, Benhamed M, Dubreucq B, Boualem A, Lepiniec L, Immink RGH, Hirt H, Bendahmane A. (2021) The Seed Development Factors TT2 and MYB5 Regulate Heat Stress Response in Arabidopsis. Genes. 12(5):746.
  • Almeida-Trapp M, Donizetti de Souza G, Shekhawat K, Sheikh AH, Mithöfer A, Hirt H, Rodrigues-Filho E. (2021) Development, validation, and application of an HPLC-MS/MS method for quantification of oxidized fatty acids in plants. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci.1186:123006.
  • Rolli E, de Zélicourt A, Alzubaidy H, Karampelias M, Parween S, Rayapuram N, Han B, Froehlich K, Abulfaraj AA, Alhoraibi H, Mariappan K, Andrés-Barrao C, Colcombet J, Hirt H. (2022) The Lys-motif receptor LYK4 mediates Enterobacter sp. SA187 triggered salt tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Environ Microbiol. 24(1):223-239.
  • Yip Delormel T, Avila-Ospina L, Davanture M, Zivy M, Lang J, Valentin N, Rayapuram N, Hirt H, Colcombet J, Boudsocq M. (2022) In vivo identification of putative CPK5 substrates in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Sci. 314:111121.
  1. Shekhwat K, Ramirez GG, Almeida-Trapp M, Hirt H. (2022).Beat the heat: plant- and microbe-mediated strategies for crop thermotolerance. Trends Plant Sci. S1360-1385(22)00050-4.
  • Voelz R, Harris W, Hirt H, Lee Y-H (2022) ROS homeostasis mediated by MPK4 and SUMM2 determines synergid cell death. Nature Comm. 13(1):1746.
  • Abulfaraj AA, Ohyanagi H, Goto K, Mineta K, Gojobori T, Hirt H, Rayapuram N. (2022) Comprehensive evolutionary analysis and nomenclature of plant G3BPs. Life Sci Alliance;5(9):e202101328.
  • Abulfaraj AA, Alhoraibi HM, Mariappan K, Bigeard J, Zhang H, Almeida-Trapp M, Artyukh O, Abdulhakim F, Parween S, Pflieger D, Blilou I, Hirt H, Rayapuram N. (2022) Analysis of the Arabidopsis coilin mutant reveals a positive role of AtCOILIN in plant immunity. Plant Physiol. :kiac280.
  • Mahmood S, Daur I, Yasir M, Waqas M, Hirt H. (2022) Synergistic Practicing of Rhizobacteria and Silicon Improve Salt Tolerance: Implications from Boosted Oxidative Metabolism, Nutrient Uptake, Growth and Grain Yield in Mung Bean. Plants (Basel) 11(15):1980.



  1. Meskiene, I., Jonak, C., and Hirt, H. (2000) Regulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). R37248 (A 1880/2000)
  2. Jonak, C., and Hirt, H. (2001) Protein with Kinase Activity. R38340
  3. De Zelicourt, Saad, M. and Hirt, H (2016) Compositions And Methods For Providing Plants With Tolerance to Abiotic Stress Condition. US No. 62/281,404
  4. H Hirt, A de Zelicourt, M Saad (2020) Compositions and methods for increasing salt tolerance in plants. (2020) US Patent App. 16/048,142.
5.      H Hirt, A De Zelicourt, M Saad (2021) Compositions and methods for increasing salt tolerance in plants. US Patent 11,166,459.

6.      H Hirt, A De Zelicourt, M Saad (2021) Compositions and methods for providing plants with tolerance to abiotic stress conditions. US Patent 11,118,159.

7.      H Hirt, K Shekhawat, M Saad. (2022) Compositions and methods for providing plants with tolerance to heat stress. US Patent App. 17/473,758.



Articles in books, monographs, etc.

  1. Eberhardt, P. Cattini, H. Hirt, T. Anderson, L. Peritz, J. Baxter, P. Mellon, R. Isaacs, E. Slater and A. Barta (1987). Human growth hormone genes: structure, evolution, expression and hormonal regulation. In: Selected Topics in Mol. , 58-67.
  2. Wiche, R. Foisner, H. Herrmann, H. Hirt and G. Weizer. (1987) Plectin and High Mol Weight MAPs: Versatile connecting Links of the Cytoskeleton. In: The Cytoskeleton in Cell Differentiation and Development, ICSU symp. ser. vol. 8. (Macchioni R. and Arrechaga J., eds.), IRL Press, Oxford, 107-117.
  3. Meskiene, W.C. Yang, C. deBlank, L. Bögre, K. Zwerger, M. Brandstötter, M. Mattauch, T. Bisseling, and H. Hirt (1997) Cell cycle regulation and nodule development. In: Biological fixation of nitrogen for ecology and sustainable agriculture (H. Bothe, ed.) NATO ASI series, Springer Verlag, Vol. G39, 63-65.
  4. Kondorosi, E., H. Trinh, F. Roudier, F. Foucher, D. Vaubert, A. Cebolla, A. Lodeiro, A. Feher, Z. Keleman, J. Györgyey, P. Mergaert, A. Kereszt, D. Dudits, H. Hirt, and A. Kondorosi (1997) Nod factor-induced cell cycle activation in root cortical cells. In: Biological Nitrogen Fixation for the 21st Century (eds. Elmerich, A. Kondorosi, W.E: Newton) Kluwer Acad. Publ. pp. 189-192.
  5. Hirt, L. Bögre, I. Meskiene, M. Dahl, K. Zwerger, and E. Heberle-Bors (1998) Functional isolation and selection of plant cell cycle genes in yeast. In: Molecular and Cell Biology of the Plant Cell Cycle (D. Dudits, D. Francis, and D. Inze, eds.) Portland Press Ltd, London, 129-143.
  6. Hirt, H. (2000) MAP kinases in plant signal transduction. Series: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation (H. Hirt, ed.) Springer, Heidelberg, Vol 27, 1-9.
  7. Hirt, H., and Scheel, D. (2000) Receptor-mediated MAP kinase activation in plant defense. In: MAP kinases in plant signal transduction. Series: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation (H. Hirt, ed.) Springer, Heidelberg, Vol 27, 85-92.
  8. Jonak, C. Kiegerl, S., Ligterink, W., Siligan, C., Baudouin, E. Beyerly, J., Cardinale, F., Hausl, C., Zwerger, K., Meskiene, I., and Hirt, H. (2000) MAP kinases in plant signal transduction : Versatile tools for signaling stress, cell cycle, and more. J.H. Cherry et al. (eds.) Plant Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses: Role of genetic Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 67-79.
  9. Scheel, D., Blume, B., Brunner, F., Fellbrich, G., Dalbøge, H., Hirt, H., Kauppinen, S., Kroj, T., Ligterink, W., Nürnberger, T., Tschöpe, M., Zinecker, H., zur Nieden, U. (2000): Receptor-mediated signal transduction in plant defense. In: Biology of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol. 2 (de Wit, P.J.G.M., Bisseling, T., Stiekema, W.J., eds.), International Society for Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, St. Paul, U.S.A., pp. 131-135.
  10. Hirt H. (2004) Plant responses to abiotic stress. In: Topics in Curr. Genetics Vol 4 (H. Hirt and K. Shinozaki, eds.), Springer Verlag Berlin-Heidelberg, 1-9
  11. Ovecka, M., Lichtscheidl, I.K., Baluska, F., Šamaj, J., Volkmann, D., and Hirt, H. (2008) Regulation Of Root Hair Tip Growth: Can Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Be Taken Into Account? (Blume, Y.B., Baird, W.V., Yemets, A.I. and Breviario D.) The Plant Cytoskeleton: a Key Tool for Agro-Biotechnology NATO ASI series, Springer Verlag, Vol. , 91-108.
  12. Van Bentem, S., de la Fuente, A., and Hirt, H. (2009) Integrative approaches to elucidate and analyse protein interaction and signalling networks. (H. Hirt, ed.) Plant stress biology: from genomics to systems biology, Wiley, pp. 227-245.
  13. Schikora, A., Garcia, A.V., Charrier, A. and Hirt, H. (2012) Infection of Plants by the Human Pathogen Salmonella Typhimurium: Challenges and New Insights. G. Witzany and F. Baluska (eds.), Biocommunication of Plants, Signaling and Communication in Plants 14, 349-359.
  14. Daffonchio, D., Hirt, H., and Berg, G. (2015). “Plant-Microbe Interactions and Water Management in Arid and Saline Soils,” in Principles of Plant-Microbe Interactions, B. Lugtenberg. Springer), 265-276.
  15. H Hirt (2016) Interview with Heribert Hirt Trends in plant science 21 (1), 1-2.
  16. Lafi FF, Alam I, Geurts R, Bisseling T, Bajic VB, Hirt H, Saad MM. (2016) Draft Genome Sequence of the Phosphate-Solubilizing Bacterium Pseudomonas argentinensis Strain SA190 Isolated from the Desert Plant Indigofera argentea.Genome Announc. 2016 Dec 22;4(6).
  17. Lafi FF, Ramirez-Prado JS, Alam I, Bajic VB, Hirt H, Saad MM. (2017) Draft Genome Sequence of Plant Growth-Promoting Micrococcus luteus Strain K39 Isolated from Cyperus conglomeratus in Saudi Arabia. Genome Announc. 5(4). pii: e01520-16.
  18. Lafi FF, AlBladi ML, Salem NM, Al-Banna L, Alam I, Bajic VB, Hirt H, Saad MM.(2017) Draft Genome Sequence of the Plant Growth-Promoting Pseudomonas punonensis Strain D1-6 Isolated from the Desert Plant Erodium hirtum in Jordan. Genome Announc. 2017 Jan 12;5(2). pii: e01437-16.
  19. Lafi FF, Alam I, Geurts R., Bisseling T, Bajic VB, Hirt H, Saad MM. (2017) Draft Genome Sequence of the Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacterium Acinetobacter radioresistens Strain SA188 Isolated from the Desert Plant Indigofera argentea Genome Announc 5(9). pii: e01708-16.
  20. Lafi FF, Alam I, Geurts R., Bisseling T, Bajic VB, Hirt H, Saad MM (2017) Draft Genome Sequence of Ochrobactrum intermedium Strain SA148, A Plant Growth-Promoting Desert Rhizobacterium Genome Announc 5(9). pii: e01707-16.
  21. Lafi FF, de Zelicourt, Alam I, Geurts R., Bisseling T, Bajic VB, Hirt H, Saad MM (2017) Draft Genome Sequence of Endophytic Bacterium Enterobacter sp. SA187 Isolated from Desert Plant Indigofera argentea 5(7). pii: e01638-16.
  22. Eida AA, Hirt H, Saad MM (2017) Challenges Faced in Field Application of Phosphate-Solubilizing Bacteria, in Rhizotrophs: Plant Growth Promotion to Bioremediation, S. Mehnaz, Editor, Springer Singapore: Singapore. p. 125-143.
  23. C Jonak, H Hirt (2018) Cytoplasmatic Protein Kinases in Signal Transduction. Annual Plant Reviews, 249-268.



Editor of Books

  1. Hirt, H. (2000) MAP kinases in plant signal transduction. Series: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation Springer, Heidelberg, Vol 27.
  2. Hirt H. and Shinozaki, K. (2004) Plant responses to abiotic stress. In: Topics in Curr. Genetics Vol 4, Springer Verlag Berlin-Heidelberg,
  3. Hirt, H.(2009) Plant stress biology: From genomics to systems biology, Wiley.

Heribert Hirt

Articles, Publications, Patents, Books, etc.


All Citations


Citations since 2015


h-index total


h-index since 2015


i10-index total


i10-index since 2015

Interview with Heribert Hirt

Trends Plant Sci 2016 Jan;21(1):1-2.

As a son of an engineer who traveled widely during his career, Heribert Hirt began his life in the exotic country of Iran, before receiving his high-school education in Germany and then studying biochemistry at the University of Cape Town and then later at the University of Vienna, from where he received his PhD in 1987. He then worked as a postdoctoral fellow in Vienna, Oxford, and Wageningen, before starting his own group at the University of Vienna in 1993. It was also in Vienna that he became professor of genetics in 1997, followed by vice-director of the Gregor Mendel Institute of Plant Molecular Biology, and later head of the Plant Molecular Biology Department of the University of Vienna. In 2007, he decided that it was time for new challenges and accepted an appointment in France to direct the Paris-based INRA-CNRS Plant Genomics Institute for the following 7 years. In 2014, Heribert embarked on yet another challenge by accepting the role to head up the Center for Desert Agriculture at King Abdullah University of Sciences and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia.